ActivityLisbeth Hockey (1918-2004) OBE FRCN, nurse professor

Lisbeth Hockey was born Lisbeth Hochsinger on 17 October 1918 in Graz, Austria. In 1936 she started studying medicine, (her ambition was to become a GP) at the University of Graz. Hockey became a refugee, forced to leave both her studies and Austria in 1938 due to Hitler's invasion of Austria and the resulting political situation. Both of her parents died under the Nazi regime while she was training in London.

Hockey came to England in 1938 and initially worked as a governess. Due to various constraints she could not continue her medical studies in England so she trained as a nurse. Hockey started her General Nurse training at The London Hospital in 1939. During the Second World War she was evacuated to a hospital on the coast in Essex and after a directive from the Government that non-British nurses should not nurse prisoners of war (a possibility at the hospital where she was training), she was once again forced to break with her training.

From 1939 she trained at the Isolation Hospital Muswell Hill and qualified as a Fever Nurse in 1942. From 1943-1945 she successfully undertook General Nurse training at Shrodell’s Hospital Watford/ Watford Memorial Hospital in 1945. Hockey went on to train first as a Midwife (1946), then as a District Nurse (appointed Queen's Nurse 1947) and finally as a Health Visitor (1950). For a while she worked as a 'triple-duty worker' - fulfilling the roles of Midwife, District Nurse and Health Visitor all in one - in a rural area in Essex. From 1950-1953 Hockey worked as a Health Visitor and School Nurse in Ilford, Essex, going on to work as a tutor to District Nurses and Health Visitors, and then as the Administrator of the North London District Nursing Service. She took her Health Visitor Tutor's certificate at the Royal College of Nursing 1959-1960.

Hockey was appointed to the headquarters of the Queen's Institute of District Nursing (QIDN) c.1962-1963, initially as a tutor, her role being to organise and consolidate district nurse training. Hockey’s first piece of nursing research was for QIDN, undertaking a national survey into District Nurse training to identify whether the syllabus for district nurse training was still appropriate in providing nurses with the skills they needed. QIDN appointed Hockey as a Research Officer in 1964-1971, and established the first department of community nursing research in the UK. Whilst at QIDN Hockey undertook a number of research studies, publishing reports on her findings, notably 'Feeling the Pulse' in 1966. Whilst working at the QIDN Hockey enrolled at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) on an evening course in statistics. She went on to take the BSc. Econ in Economics as an evening student, which she was awarded in 1970 (presented in 1971) after five years study.

Margaret Scott-Wright encouraged Hockey to apply to the post of Director of the newly created Nursing Research Unit at the University of Edinburgh. The post was funded by the Scottish Home and Health Department (SHHD). The Unit was the first nursing research unit in a European University. Hockey and her team at the Unit's first study was 'Women in Nursing' (published 1976) and ‘communication in nursing’ was a later research theme. Whilst at the Nursing Research Unit, Hockey wrote nursing and presented research articles (inter)nationally. In 1979 she completed her PhD (from the City University, London).

Hockey was the founder of the International Collaboration for Community Health Nursing Research (ICCHNR) in the UK, Hockey was inspired to take the work forward and develop the UK charity through her work with Professor Shirley Stinson from the University of Alberta, Canada where the 1st ICCHNR conference was inaugurated.

Hockey was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1979 for services to nursing research. She received a number of awards and honours including an Hon. LL.D from Alberta University, Canada (1980), an Hon. MD in Medicine at the University of Uppsala (1985), and an Hon. DSc. from Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh (1995). In 1977 Hockey was awarded Fellowship of the Royal College of Nursing, FRCN. She was awarded Honorary Fellowship of the Royal College of General Practitioners (1982). In 2000 she received the Queen's Nursing Institute Gold Medal of Honour for her lifetime achievement and contribution to community health nursing.

Hockey officially retired from the Nursing Research Unit in 1982. She continued to contribute to nursing, by sitting on committees, boards and working groups, supervising PhD students, and writing and presenting papers. She was also strongly involved in her local community and church in Edinburgh.

Hockey died on 15 June 2004, aged 85.

The Lisbeth Hockey Research Fellowship was established at Glasgow Caledonian University in 2005 to recognise the contribution made by Dr Hockey to Community Nursing research.
Published WorksAs at 2018 the following titles were held in the Royal College of Nursing Library:
* with Seidl, E. Pflegeforschung aktuell : Studien - Kommentare - Berichte : zum 10 jährigen Bestand der Abteilung Pflegeforschung. (Vienna, Maudrich 2002)
* Research. In: District nursing: providing care in a support context. Lawton, S., Cantrell, J., Harris, J. (editors) (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 2000)
* Festschrift : anläßlich der Pensionerung von Fr. Univ. Doz. Dr. Elisabeth Seidl.(Vienna, Campus Rudolfinerhaus 1999)
* The nature and purpose of research. In: The research process in nursing. Cormack, D (editor). (Oxford, Blackwell 1996)1996)
* The sixth Elsie Stephenson memorial lecture: community health nursing in crisis? (Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh 1994)
* Surviving the research process. (Victoria, Deakin University 1992)
* with Clark, J.M. Further research for nursing: a new guide for the enquiring nurse. (London, Scutari 1989)
* Health for all: who cares - do we?; Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Study Day of the Nursing Studies Association of the University of Edinburgh, 13 May 1989. (Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh 1989)
* with McClymont, M.E. Higher education in nursing: a report of a Swedish-British seminar held at the Wenner-Gren Foundation Centre, Stockholm, 17-20 October 1987. (Uppsala, Uppsala University Centre for Caring Sciences 1988)
* with Littlewood, J. Introduction. Community Nursing. (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 1987)
* with Altschul, A. Current issues. (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 1987)
* Nursing research in the United Kingdom: the state of the art. In: International issues in nursing research. Stinson, S.M., Kerr, J.C. (editors). (London, Croom Helm 1986)
* Nursing research - mistakes and misconceptions a light-hearted personal account of things that did or could go wrong. (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 1985)
* The ethics in nursing research. In: Nursing law and ethics. Carmi, A., Schneider, S. (editors). (Berlin, Springer-Verlag 1985)
* Ethical considerations in the care of dying patients. In: Nursing law and ethics. Carmi, A., Schneider, S. (editors). (Berlin, Springer-Verlag 1985)
* with Houston, M.J. Foreword: Maternal and infant care. (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 1984)
* Nursing research in Scotland - a critical review. In: Annual review of nursing research, volume 2 1984. Werley, H.H. (editor) (New York, Springer 1984)
* Svensk vardutbildning I internationell belysning. Rapport fran enForskningsanknytningskonferens pa Solbacka Kursgard 1983-11-09--10. (Uppsala, Styrelsen for Uppsala hogskoleregion, 1984)
* Some aspects of top management in nursing in Scotland with emphasis on communication. Report prepared for the Scottish Home and Health Department. (Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh 1984)
* Primary care nursing. (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 1983)
* with Akinsanya, J.A., Alexander, M.F., Collins, S.M. Issues in nursing research: papers from the 22nd annual conference of the Royal College of Nursing Research Society. (London, Macmillan 1982)
* with Simpson, H.M. Introduction. If i could alter one thing: the first Winifred Raphael memorial lecture. (London, Royal College of Nursing 1982)
* Achievements and opportunities' : a scientific meeting held in honour of Sir Andrew Watt Kay. (Health Bulletin 1982)
* with Macmilan, M.S. The nursing auxiliary in the National Health Service: a discussion paper based on a research study. (Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh 1982)
* Nursing and economics. In: Nursing science in nursing practice. Smith, J.P (editor) (London, BUtterworths 1981)
* Current issues in nursing. (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 1981)
* with Macleod-Clark, J. Research for nursing: a guide for the enquiring nurse. (Chichester, Wiley 1981)
* with Iling, M., Donovan, B. Foreword. District Nursing. (London, Bailiere Tindall 1981)
* with Macleod-Clark, J. Onderzoek in de verpleging. (Lochem, Netherlands, Uitgeversmaatschappij de Tijdstroom 1980)
* PHD Thesis. A study of district nursing: the development and progression of a long-term research programme. (London, City University 1979)
* Research and community nursing. In: Readings in nursing. College, M.M., Jones, D. (editors) (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 1979)
* The role of the nurse. In: Terminal Care. Doyle, D. (editor). (Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone 1979)
* Research bulletin number 2, March 1979 : part 1, three Ph.D. retrospects : part 2, research interviewing on sensitive subjects. (Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh 1979)
* with Hardie, M. Nursing auxiliaries in health care. (London, Croom Helm 1978)
* Priorities for the use of resources in medicine : a conference sponsored by the Royal Society of Medicine November 17-19. (Bethesda, National Institutes of Health 1977)
* with Berfenstam, R., Petersson, O., Smedby, B. Evaluation research and measurement of benefits of health services : a symposium in the series of congresses and conferences celebrating the 500th anniversary of Uppsala university. (Stockholm, The Almqvist & Wiksell Periodical Company 1977)
* Women in nursing: a descriptive study. (London, Hodder & Stoughton 1976)
* The work of district nurses in England. (Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh Nursing Research Unit 1976)
* The nurse's contribution to care. In: Health care in a changing setting: the UK experience. Porter, R., Fitzsimmons, D.W. (Amsterdam, Elsevier 1976)
* The role of the nurse. In: The health team in action: 18 essays about the general practice health team. Bloomfield, R., Follis, P. (editors) (London, BBC 1974)
* with Gilmore, M., Bruce, N., Hunt, M. The work of the nursing team in general practice. (London, CETH 1974)
* Preparation of nurses for research In: Portfolio for health 2: the developing programme of the DHSS in health services research. McLachlan, G. (editor) (London, Oxford University Press 1973)
* With Cartwright, A., Anderson, J.L. Life before death. (London, Routledge and Kegan Paul 1973)
* Use or abuse? a study of the state enrolled nurse in the local authority nursing services. (London, Queen's Institute of District Nursing 1972)
* with Salmon, B.L., Bridger, H. Chapter 7: Backcloth to the National Health Service in England and Wales. In: Conference proceeding: Teamwork for world health: a Ciba Foundation symposium in honour of Professor S. Artunkal.(London, Churchill 1971)
* with Artunkal, S., Wolstenholme, G.E.W., O'Connor, M. Chapter 8: The Family Care Team: Philosophy, Problems, Possibilities. In: Conference proceeding: Teamwork for world health: a Ciba Foundation symposium in honour of Professor S. Artunkal.(London, Churchill 1971)
* Co-operation in patient care: studies of district nurses attached to hospital and general medical practice. (London, Queens Institute of District Nursing 1970)
* Care in the balance: a study of collaboration between hospital and community services. (London, Queen's Institute of District Nursing 1968)
* Feeling the pulse: a survey of district nursing in six areas. (London, Queen's Institute of District Nursing 1966)
* Survey of district nurse training 1962/63. (London, Queen's Institute of District Nursing 1964)

In addition Hockey wrote the following titles:
* with Altschul, A., Roper, N. Nursing Research Advisory Group study day: justification and use of research in nursing; Friday 10 September 1976 (London, Royal College of Nursing 1996)
* with Playfair, C., Nicholson, H. St. Columba's Hospice home care service: an evaluation study. (Edinburgh, St Columba's Hospice 1990)
* More research for nursing: a new guide for the enquiring nurse. (Chichester, Wiley 1988)
* with Cartwright, A., Anderson, J.L. Life before death. (London, Routledge and Kegan Paul 1973)

In addition Hockey wrote the following articles and papers:
* with Tilley, S., Runciman, P. Research-based nurse education: understandings and personal accounts. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 34(2) pp.111-118 (1997)
* Learning from time. Nursing Standard. 11(20) pp.22-23 (1997)
* Community health nursing in crisis? Changes in the health care system. Health & Social Care in the Community. 3(3) pp.193-197 (1995)
* Issues in the communication of nursing research. Recent Advances in Nursing. 18 pp.154-167 (1987)
* Book Review. Nursing research mistakes and misconceptions. The Canadian Nurse. 82(8) p.50 (1986)
* with Clark, M. Nursing research in Scotland: a critical review. Annual Review of Nursing Research. 2 pp.307-324 (1984)
* Issues in nursing: 3, defining the indefinable, in-depth survey into nursing research . Nursing Mirror. 154(9) pp 22-24 (1982)
* Nursing research. Achievements and opportunities. Health Bulletin 40(1) pp.50-53 (1982)
* Research: knowledge is a precious possession. Nursing Mirror. 153(13) pp.46-49 (1981)

T/26Interview with Lisbeth Hockey
SCNRRCN Printed Collections: Steinberg Collection of Nursing Research
A/3Royal College of Nursing History of Nursing Group Conference
T/252Interview with Lisbeth Hockey
QNI/L/6Lisbeth Hockey Community Nursing Research Fellowships
C300Papers of Lisbeth Hockey
T/221Interview with Lisbeth Hockey
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